Seasonal citrus fruits.
Benefits, Properties and Uses
Among the most popular citrus fruits you can find oranges, tangerines, lemons, limes and grapefruit. As you know, citrus fruits provide a large amount of vitamin C and antioxidants, which are useful in fighting against certain diseases and in preventing various illnesses. In particular, they are recognised worldwide as offering good protection against flus.
Among these, the orange is the most widely consumed fruit worldwide. They belong to the genus Citrus of the Rutaceae family and contain a high amount of vitamins. There are many varieties such as the Persian orange, the Navel orange, the Valencian orange and the Sanguine orange.
Tangerines belong to the same family oranges belong, though they are smaller and flatter in shape with a more granular skin. Two varieties of tangerines are known; the Clementine and the Satsuma. From September to March is the best time to eat these delicious fruits. Their skin comes off easily and their pulp is very aromatic.
Lemons and limes also belong to the genus Citrus and to the family Ruteaceae. There are many varieties: lunario, verna, mesero, verdelli, eureka, femminello, etc. And its cultivation comes mainly from various tropical and subtropical areas of the world.
The juice of these fruits can be used alone or combined with other drinks. Its action is refreshing, astringent and slightly antibacterial. In addition, the large amount of citric acid is a disinfectant and enhances the action of vitamin C.
Grapefruit, also known as ‘toronja’, belongs to the same genus and family the other mentioned citrus fruits belong. There are two very different varieties, both with very pleasant aromas; the white or common variety has yellow pulp and a rather bitter taste; and the pigmented variety has reddish pulp and a slightly less acidic taste.
How are citrus fruits prepared?
These varieties of fruit can be prepared in juices, smoothies and slushies for refreshment. They can also be added in tizanes or fruit salads, as their acidic taste enables you to enjoy an intense experience on the palate. Even orange and lemon jams and marmelades are quite popular.
The most famous recipes with citrus fruits
Our recommendation is to prepare deliciuos juices or ice creams with these fruits, especially during the days of intense heat to help cooling down and reduce the thermal sensation of the heat.
However, they can also be eaten alone, by peeling them and cutting them into small pieces, ideal for a snack. They can as well be served with other sweet fruits, either in fruit salads or in tizanes.
The juice of some of these citrus fruits is used to prepare natural medicines against flu. The juice is also used in the preparation of desserts and meals that are succulent due to their characteristic and intense aroma and taste.
Contraindications or precautions
Citrus fruits can interact with some medicines due to their high concentration of vitamin C, so their consumption should be regulated if you are taking any prolonged treatment. In any case, it is best to consult your doctor.
People with hypotension problems should consume very little of this fruit, as its diuretic properties tend to lower the body’s blood pressure.